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Eye Exams

Pre-testing | Eye Exam Post-Testing for Over 40 | Additional Testing | Recall | Referrals | Therapeutics

Brogan Crystal

Our competitively-priced, comprehensive eye and vision exam includes a full assessment of the eye health and coordination, refractive status, followed by recommendations and counselling.

Your exam includes automated pre-testing, a complete examination of your eyes within the exam room, and - for some patients - post-testing.

Our complete exam for patients under the age of 40 typically takes between 30-45 minutes.

Our complete exam for patients age 40 and over  which includes dilation and either a visual fields screening, or retinal photography, typically takes about 90 minutes.


Patients, including children, participate in pre-tests as part of their routine eye exam. The tests performed in pre-testing include:

  • Lensometer
    The lensometer measures the power of your current prescription lenses and determines the existing prescription.
  • Color Vision
    It may be necessary to screen the quality of your color vision.
  • Wave Front Scanning
    This device uses light waves to measure imperfections in the eye with the greatest precision possible. It is up to 25 times more accurate in determining the power of an eye than the previous technology, the conventional auto refractor.
  • optomap®
    The optomap® is a camera that provides a high definition image of your retina, viewed on a computer screen. It’s used to screen for the early detection of disease or abnormalities in the eye.
  • Soft Touch Tonometry
    We use the Icare® tonometer for quick, easy and painless eye pressure measurement. A very light probe makes momentary and gentle contact with the cornea. The measurement is barely noticed by the patient. Patients, especially children, who disliked the older technology, with its "puff of air", will find this new technology much more pleasant. This test screens for early signs of glaucoma.

Eye Examination

Inside the examination room, your optometrist reviews the results of the pre-tests and examines your eyes, both externally and internally, using the latest technology. Tests that will be performed in the examination room include:

  • Visual Acuity
    We test your ability to see sharply and clearly at near and far distances, with and without your spectacles or contact lenses.
  • Binocular Vision
    • Visual Coordination
      We assess your eye coordination and muscle control.
    • Focusing Ability
      We examine the ability of both your eyes to change focus.
  • Ocular Health
    We examine the exterior and interior of your eyes for signs of any possible eye diseases. The ophthalmoscope examines the internal portion of the eye and allows us to detect eye diseases.
  • Refraction
    We check your eye's ability to focus light rays exactly on the retina from both near and far. We also evaluate the prescription in your current lenses and how well it still fits your needs.

Post-Testing for Over 40

Your eyes reach an important milestone with your 40th birthday and this is often when people notice the first signs of aging affecting their vision. The most common problems include:

  • Presbyopia--a natural effect of aging and gradual hardening of the lens. The ability to focus on close objects decreases over time. Presbyopia can cause headaches, blurred vision, tearing, stinging, or the need for more light.

  • Glaucoma, which often has no symptoms until significant damage has occurred. It’s caused by elevated pressure within the eye, and can lead to serious vision loss if not detected and treated at an early stage.
  • Cataracts, which occur when the lens inside the eye loses its transparency over time, causing distorted or blurry vision. Cataracts can require changes to your glasses, or surgical removal.
Macular degeneration, a disease that causes vision to steadily worsen and is a leading cause of vision loss among older adults.

If you are 40 years of age or older, we will want to establish a baseline through a complete examination and do regular eye exams after that. Each eye exam will include either a visual fields screening, or retinal photography.

  • Visual Fields
    This part of the exam tests your peripheral, or field of vision, for sensitivity to light.
  • Retinal Camera
    The retinal camera takes a photograph of the back of your eye, helping us to ensure your eye's good health. Retinal photography is a widely used screen for diabetic eye disease.

Additional Testing

Depending upon the outcome of your pre-testing and eye exam, we may recommend additional testing. This could include:

  • OCT
    Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is an imaging technique that allows us to see and measure the slightest retinal changes. The OCT uses light waves to test for a number of retinal conditions, including glaucoma, Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD), post-cataract surgery edema, or other retinal changes. The OCT provides us with an extremely detailed understanding of your eyes, so we may watch closely for any signs of retinal change and respond as needed.
  • Corneal Topography
    The corneal topographer maps the curvature of the eye. We may need a map of your eye when fitting you for contact lenses and when checking your eyes for candidacy for laser surgery.
  • Pachymetry
    A pachymeter measures corneal thickness. We use it to help determine a patient's candidacy for laser surgery and for proper monitoring of the patient's compatibility for contact lens wear.


To continue our responsibility and commitment to your eye care, we will arrange a future appointment. Our office will confirm your next appointment and provide a reminder.


We work closely with a network of health care practitioners. If we detect an eye condition, or disease that need attention, we can refer you to the right specialist.


We are licensed to prescribe topical ocular medications for the treatment of specific eye diseases.